SOME VARIABLES RELATED TO ACTING FISH FARMERS EACH OF ADAPTION PHASES OF PLANTING WHEAT CROP IN FISH PONDS AS AN INNOVATION
Ahmed S. Diab;
Hamed M. Hamed and Gamal E. Azazi
Central Laboratory For Aquaculture Research, Agricultural Research Center, Ministry Of Agriculture, Egypt.
|Received 28/ 11/ 2010||
Accepted 27/ 12/ 2010
This study aimed at determine the stages of adoption among the fish farmers for the innovation cultivation wheat crop in fish ponds, and determine the variables affecting the stages of the adoption of farmers for the cultivation of wheat crop
in fishponds, and to identify problems facing wheat-growing in fishponds. This research was conducted on (80) farmers of fish in governorates of sharkia, Kafr El Sheikh and Ismailia, in the village of Abbassa and Sahell Al Hosaniya, Sharkia, the village Mazarah, El Tal El-Kaebeer, Ismailia and El- Riyadh, Kafr el-Sheikh , where some farmers adopted wheat crop in fish oponds. The population of farmers in Sharkia (55) farmers and (15) farmers in Ismailia and (10) in Kafr El Sheikh. The questionnaire with personal interviews used to collect data and had been analysis data tools with means and coefficient of a simple variation and qai square, beside percentages and frequencies to represent data
from early September until the end of October 2010.
The most important results: First: For the stages of the respondents to adopt the innovation of cultivation of wheat crop in fishponds. That most farmers have heard about the idea and aware of their neighbors Her first round into the source of the hearing on the cultivation of wheat crop in fishponds, and then aware of the idea by collecting more information about, and then they evaluate themselves in the cultivation of small plots of land for planting in large areas and this experimenting with the so-called and then ends the process of their decision to adopt the idea of growing wheat in fish ponds, and this indicates that most farmers have gone through five stages of the process of adoption and known scientific basis. Second: The variables affecting the stages of adoption for the cultivation of wheat crop in fishponds: The results showed that the stage of awareness and attention to listen influenced by family size, and quantity of fish production, the total annual income, and the cost of growing wheat, and the general consensus for the idea. The process of gathering information on the cultivation of wheat, fish ponds affected by four variables: family size, and the value of production of wheat, and the complexity of the idea and the possibility of fragmentation of wheat-growing in fishponds. While the phase of the farmers for the cultivation of wheat, in fishponds is a function both the diversity of sources of knowledge, and the value of production of wheat. As the stage of trial affected by age, and the diversity of sources of knowledge. The final stage, adopting has been affected by family size. Third: the main problem facing the cultivation of wheat crop in fish ponds from the respondent farmers view was the amount of seed used for cultivation.